14 results found

Effect of Race/Ethnicity and Persistent Recognition of Depression on Mortality in Elderly Men With Type 2 Diabetes and Depression

Author/s: Richardson, Lisa K. Egede, Leonard E. Mueller, Martina | Year: 2008 | Publication type: Journal article | Peer reviewed: | Topic area/s: Mental Health, Physical Health

Reference:

Key Words:
depression, international study, type 2 diabetes, death, veterans
Research aim:
To determine whether mortality risk from depression among elderly men with type 2 diabetes differs by ethnicity and persistent recognition of depression
Results/Conclusion:
Mortality risk was higher for depressed than nondepressed veterans with diabetes (hazard ratio [HR] 1.6 [95% CI 1.3-1.8]). Among those With depression, mortality risk was lower with persistent recognition (0-2 visits vs. ≥3 visits after initial diagnosis, HR 0.58 [0.40-0.89]) but higher for whites than blacks (1.60 [1.11-2.31]).
Implications:
Increased mortality from depression differs by ethnicity and persistent recognition.
Cultural Group(s):
Blacks and whites
Location of study:
International (USA)
Age group:
Number included in study:
14,500
Type of participants:
male veterans with type 2 diabetes
Research approach:
Quantitative
Type of data:
Secondary data sources used:
Specific scales or analytical techniques used:
Cox proportional hazards regression models
Implications/ Recommendations:
Notes:

Ethnicity and Ageing

Author/s: Rowland, D | Year: 1997 | Publication type: Book section | Peer reviewed: | Topic area/s: General CALD

Reference:

Key Words:
Research aim:
This book, first published in 1997, reflects the breadth of research into gerontology and analyses the major themes and issues in the area of ageing and social policy in both an Australian context and from an international comparative perspective. In the 1980's and 1990's, for the first time since white settlement, Australia has an aged population characterised by a significant degree of ethnic heterogeneity.
Results/Conclusion:
Implications:
Cultural Group(s):
Location of study:
Australia
Age group:
Number included in study:
N/A
Type of participants:
Research approach:
Type of data:
Secondary data sources used:
Specific scales or analytical techniques used:
Implications/ Recommendations:
Notes:
No further information available about this book chapter

Ethnicity and falls in older men: low rate of falls in Italian-born men in Australia

Author/s: Stanaway, F. F. Cumming, R. G. Naganathan, V. Blyth, F. M. Handelsman, D. J. Le Couteur, D. G. Waite, L. M. Creasey, H. M. Seibel, M. J. Sambrook, P. N. | Year: 2011 | Publication type: Journal article | Peer reviewed: | Topic area/s: General Wellbeing, Falls

Reference:

Key Words:
falls, Italian, Australian, men
Research aim:
To explore the incidence of falls and secondary falls among Italian-born and Austraila-born men aged 70 participating in the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project (CHAMP).
Results/Conclusion:
there were 37 (11%) Italian-born men and 185 (22%) Australian-born men who had two or more falls during follow-up (P < 0.001). Negative binomial analysis demonstrated that Italian-born men had half the incidence rate of falls compared with Australian-born men (IRR = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.38-0.67). After adjustment for falls risk factors, Italian-born men remained significantly less likely to fall with a 43% lower fall rate (IRR = 0.57, 95% CI = 0.39-0.85).
Implications:
older male Italian-born immigrants are less likely to fall than their Australian-born counterparts. Differences in fall rates between the two groups are not explained by established falls risk factors.
Cultural Group(s):
Italian-born, Australia born
Location of study:
New South Wales (Sydney)
Age group:
70+
Number included in study:
335 Italian born, 848 Australia born
Type of participants:
Italian born and Australian born men aged 70+
Research approach:
Quantitative
Type of data:
Primary
Secondary data sources used:
Specific scales or analytical techniques used:
Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project (CHAMP)
Implications/ Recommendations:
Notes:

Ethnicity and the dementias

Author/s: Yeo, G Gallagher-Thompson, D | Year: 2006 | Publication type: Book | Peer reviewed: | Topic area/s: Dementia

Reference:

Key Words:
dementia, culturally appropriate assessment and care
Research aim:
Ethnicity and the Dementias offers invaluable background information on the topic of ethnic and racial issues in Alzheimer's disease and other dementias
Results/Conclusion:
the book features contributions from leading clinicians and researchers on the epidemiology of dementias by ethnic population, new information on the assessment of diverse populations, and updates and inclusions of new populations in the management of dementia and working with families.
Implications:
The book is ideal for practitioners, researchers, and policy makers in search of the most current ethnogeriatric findings.
Cultural Group(s):
Location of study:
United States
Age group:
Number included in study:
N/A
Type of participants:
Research approach:
Type of data:
Secondary data sources used:
Specific scales or analytical techniques used:
Implications/ Recommendations:
Notes: